As Chiropractors, Osteopaths and sports therapists, the ProBack team are responsible for more than just back pain but for the mechanical components of the whole body; how they align and interact is key to understanding how any pain evolves including pain in the leg and pain in the calf.
We see many patients whose leg and calf pain is a direct result of nerve compression within the back known as Sciatica, most commonly this involves shooting pain down the leg often extending into the calf, however sometimes the pain occurs as just calf pain without additional symptoms. Often this occurs as sudden calf pain or can be described as a shooting pain in the calf.
Alternative causes for pain in the leg or calf can be brought on by many different things, with symptoms ranging from mild to severe. Often leg and calf pain is caused by a certain activity or a result of a direct injury without obvious causes, yet there may be a more complicated problem related to a bio-mechanical issue as a result of stresses and strains on the body.
Many causes of leg and calf pain are due to localised inflammation; unless a large and unusual force has been exerted on those tissues, then it is likely that it is a repetitive strain that has caused the issue. In these cases, there are likely to be one or more additional mechanical issues in the chain from lower back to the foot that are causing dysfunction in the muscle tissues. Causes of leg or calf pain can include:
Dropped or dysfunctional arches (flat feet) can happen as a result of the arches not forming properly or becoming stiff due to the overwhelming strain caused by walking on hard surfaces like concrete. Local inflammation of tissue in the foot is often known as plantar fasciitis – which we can treat by mobilising the joints in the feet and giving the correct advice on footwear and potentially orthotics.
Muscle strains very commonly affect the legs or calves, usually as a result of an excessive force damaging the tendons around joints. If you have a muscle strain you may have swelling or pain in and around the joint area where the muscles connect into the bones; you my experience stiffness in the leg when trying to move the area.
This condition is particularly common in athletes, as the ankle and knee absorb force constantly during strenuous activity. You may get ankle or knee tendinitis as a result of weaker muscles in the legs, for example the hamstrings or thigh muscles, as this puts greater stress and strain on the knee and ankle.
Baker’s Cysts commonly occur from arthritis in the knee or from a sports injury, it is a form of swelling behind the knee. While this can originally cause pain in the knee, if a Baker’s Cyst ruptures this causes swelling and a sharp pain in the calf.
This condition can affect ‘compartments’ in the body, for example the leg or arm, and usually happens because of a sudden trauma, like a road accident. Trauma can result in bleeding and swelling within the muscles and can cause symptoms such as severe pain, tenderness or tightness. While acute compartment syndrome may need surgical intervention, chronic compartment syndrome can cause cramping or swelling during exercise which can improve with rest.
Shin splints can, again, occur as a result of injury from exercise as a result of more intense weight bearing on the legs. Examples of intense weight bearing include; running on a hard surface, or rapidly increasing training distances over a short space of time. The pain can vary in severity from a dull ache to more severe pain during exercise and occurs over the shinbone.
Lower back or neck misalignment can cause referred pain into the legs, this can be as a result of overcompensating with the legs during load bearing, or from a disc injury that may be causing symptoms such as sciatica. This can cause sensations such as pain down the back of one or both legs, weakness, tingling or pins and needles.
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“I Feel Amazing”
Pain in my right leg was absolutely unbearable. Could not sit, stand or walk for long and sleeping was absolute torture. I am half a way through my treatment and I feel amazing. I can walk almost pain free and back cycling as well.
Mehri (Trustpilot Review)
Leg & calf pain can vary from mild to severe pain and can be constant or intermittent. Listed below are the symptoms to look out for if you have pain in the leg or calf:
Once the root cause of the Leg & Calf Pain has been found, Proback Practitioners will decide on the best course of treatment and length of treatment utilising a combination of our unique therapies – Laser Therapy, Spinal Decompression & Shockwave Therapy.
Micromanipulation therapy that identifies and corrects areas of the spine that are restricted in movement or incorrectly aligned.
One of the most successful non-surgical and non-invasive therapies that can target the disc problem in a safe and effective way.
Radial Shockwave Therapy
Vladimir’s story started with knee pain. He had experienced this for a number of years alongside an underlying back problem. After surgeries and multiple injections to his knee with no relief, his back pain only got worse. This forced Vladimir to stop working and spiral into depression.