Knee Pain

The knee is a joint that bears the weight of your body on a day-to-day basis, so its unsurprising that knee injuries are extremely common. You are more likely to suffer knee injuries if you play sports that involve sudden turns, like football, tennis or running. Knee pain can also be caused by wear and tear from everyday activities.


Causes of Knee Pain

Common conditions that can cause the above symptoms include:

  • Ligament Damage

Most often caused by trauma from a sudden change of direction. The knee has four ligaments at the front, back and on both sides. If damaged, the ligament will be swollen, cause pain on movement, and you may be unable to put weight on the knee.

  • Meniscus Tear

A meniscus tear is a common injury among athletes, and can happen when the knee is suddenly twisted. The tear occurs to a piece of cartilage located between the femur and the tibia, which absorbs shock in the knee. This condition causes pain, swelling and sometimes a crunching sound can be heard when moving the knee.

  • Knee Bursitis

A bursa is a small sac of fluid which protects the knee joint, so that the tendons and ligaments can move easily. If this is damaged, the knee can become swollen.

  • Osteoarthritis

A wear and tear condition caused by the loss of cartilage in a degenerating knee. People with osteoarthritis may experience pain, stiffness and perhaps clicking or crunching sound within the knee. With osteoarthritis, the joint in the knee becomes much weaker, this can leave you more prone to fractures.

  • Fracture

A knee fracture can be caused by a sudden trauma to the area. This is likely to mean severe pain when touching the area or when moving.

  • Tendinitis

Tendinitis is a direct result of overuse of the patella tendon. The knee may become very swollen and it can hurt to bend the knee normally when going up or down stairs.

  • Patellafemoral Pain Syndrome (or ‘Runner’s Knee’)

The most common injury caused by running. Those with runner’s knee may have a pain around or behind the kneecap. This can make everyday activities like walking up or down stairs, or sitting painful.

Symptoms of a Knee Injury

The symptoms of knee pain vary depending on the condition, but these are the most common:

  1. Swelling
  2. Stiffness in areas of the body
  3. Unable to bend or straighten the knee
  4. Hot to the touch
  5. Instability
  6. A clicking or crunching sound in the knee

Treatment for Knee Pain

The first step in treating knee pain is finding the underlying cause. A thorough examination at one of our ProBack Clinics will help identify exactly what’s causing the problem. After a diagnosis is made, treatment can be undergone to relieve the pain, correct the problem or prevent it from recurring in the future.

  1. For conditions that cause swelling and inflammation, our K-Laser therapy can be the best approach. The K-Laser passes through the skin into the tissues of your knee, generating energy into the cells. This can increase blood flow to the area which helps to pump nutrients into the knee. This quickens the natural healing process of damaged tissues.
  2. For many forms of knee pain and stiffness, shockwave therapy is especially effective as it helps break down scar tissue around the joint and improves movement. Shockwave can be a fantastic therapy for a condition like tendonitis. Tendon injuries can be much slower to heal due to the lack of blood flow in the area. Shockwave is able to increase the blood flow to the area this helps the condition heal much better.

Frequent Questions

What are the most common causes of knee pain?

How can shockwave therapy help with knee pain?

What are the best exercises for knee pain?

“I was shocked at the difference after my first session.”

Debbie Gore

16th June 2016

“My pain disappeared

Cacilda Stakteas

24th February 2017

“I feel stronger and the pain is gone”

Georgina Atandare

16th March 2016


If you have any questions give us a call or send us a message via the website.

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