Slipped Disc


Slipped Disc

A “slipped disc” or bulging disc are popular terms for a medical condition known as a Herniated Vertebral Disc and is commonly associated with chronic, severe pain and radiating pain either down the leg when the damage is in the lower back or down the arm when the damage is in the neck.

Structure of a Vertebral Disc

The vertebrae in the spine are separated by a form of cartilage, known as Discs. These discs contain a central cushioning material similar to gel known as the nucleus, and act to protect the vertebrae from the impact of daily activities such as walking, running, sitting and lifting; this gel is wrapped in multiple layers of ligament rings known collectively as the annulus.

Causes of Disc Damage

The disc material can be damaged by sudden trauma or worn down over time through poor biomechanics, incorrect posture, or sitting for long periods. The damage caused means the discs can’t give the vertebrae the right level of protection. This then puts pressure on the rest of the spine, or in some cases on a specific nerve; this damage to the disc is known as a herniation.

When discs are damaged there are multiple ways in which pain can be generated.

When a disc tears under pressure, this can create a bulge which then puts pressure on the nerves adjacent.

Tears in the outer fibres of a disc are directly innervated and therefore pain is felt without the need for pressure on the adjacent nerve (can create pain patterns that MRI’s don’t necessarily identify).

Inflammation caused by damage to the nucleus or annulus can leak inflammatory chemicals which irritate the adjacent nerve (can create pain patterns that MRI’s don’t necessarily identify).

Collapsing or wedging of the disc can cause a direct physical entrapment of the nerve often on the opposite side to the bulge.

Degenerative damage to the disc can cause a loss of disc height reducing the space, which causes entrapement of the nerve.

Symptoms of a "Slipped Disc"

As explained disc pain be direct or indirect, but often the pain follows a nerve related pain pattern which has some specific tells.

  1. Pain is often initially sharp and can shoot down the arm or leg
  2. Muscle spasm often is accompanying meaning patients are braced, find it hard to straighten up or are listing to the side
  3. Chronic pain that is generally less intense but often with associated weakness, tingling or numbness into other areas of the body
  4. Severe cases can result in inability to contract muscles when weight bearing something known as a ‘drop foot’

Treatments for a Damaged Disc

During our consultation process, we’ll decide which of our treatments for slipped discs would be best for you. Generally, the best treatment for slipped disc is a combination of shockwave therapy to help with mechanical dysfunction and mobility; which is combined with spinal decompression treatments to directly regenerate the disc material.


Shockwave therapy helps break down scar tissue in the affected area freeing up the movement of the muscles and joint. The increase in bio-mechanics can pump lost nutrients back into the disc, which in turn helps re-hydrate the nucleus that created the bulge. Correcting imbalances in the posture and muscle tone is also essential so that the discs aren’t continuing to be improperly compressed by the same forces that caused the initial annular damage.


Spinal decompression can be used on either the neck or lower back, and uses a small amount of your body weight to apply a gentle traction force to the spine and treat a slipped disc. By applying an axial traction to the spine, we are able to put the spine into a negative pressure allowing it to decompress and most significantly allows nutrients, oxygen and fluids to flood back into the damaged discs. By using the latest generation of traction systems now known as decompression tables we’re can set specific computerised patterns of pull, highly specific to each case which research has suggested to be much more reliable than ‘old school’ IDD therapy tables.


Pumping the nutrients back into the disc is a vital part of treatment for a slipped disc, helping revitalise the healing environment within your spine. This allows for improvements to continue even after the slipped disc treatment has ended.

Frequent Questions

What is a slipped disc?

What causes a slipped disc?

How can shockwave therapy help a slipped disc?

How can spinal decompression therapy help a slipped disc?

Is spinal decompression painful?

“My pain levels have reduced and I’m more flexible.”

Cecil Nelson

13th July 2016

“My pain disappeared

Cacilda Stakteas

24th February 2017

“I have more confidence in my overall movement”

Andy Smart

8th March 2017

Contact us today!

If you have any questions re Slipped Disc treatment call our clinics in London, Victoria, or send us a message via the website.

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