DEGENERATIVE DISC DISEASE
Over time changes can happen to the discs in your spine that can lead to degeneration.
Over time, changes can happen to the discs in your spine that can lead to degeneration. Trauma, poor posture and movement, as well as general wear and tear can all cause the discs to degenerate. With degenerative disc disease (DDD) the discs begin to narrow from loss of water content. The fibres of the disc can tear, allowing disc fluid to bulge or protrude. As the discs lose their ability to absorb shock, the spinal vertebrae will then create more bony projections, called osteophytes.
This condition can happen anywhere along the spine, but is most common in the neck (cervical region) or lower back (lumbar region). Depending on where it is, the disc degeneration can cause nerves to become compressed. This can cause pain, numbness and tingling in the back, neck, or that can travel into the arms or legs. In some cases damaged discs can weaken muscles and affect your balance and ability to walk. Degenerative Disc Disease can also lead to the development of other conditions, such as Osteoarthritis, Spinal Stenosis or Spondylolisthesis.